VNOB IN BRIEF
Vietnam National Opera and Ballet (VNOB) is a theatre belong to Vietnam Ministry of Cultural, Sports and Tourism. VNOB, established in 1959 in Hanoi, with large scale and profession, is leading theatre in performing classical art. Up to now, VNOB has made many cooperation programs of culture with many countries and regions through the Cultural Centers and funds, such as Russia, UK, USA, France, Germany, Australia and Sweden…Many master works have been performed as: Phoenix Eye, Musical Lucile, Paris Life, Love School, La Boheme, Dream and Reality, The Flying Dutchman, Romeo and Juliet, Ophee et Eurydiel, Venus, Francesca Dari Mimi, Firebird, Hearts Silk, The Rite of Spring, Lasylphide, Westside story…On the other side, many classical concerts have been performed successfully and attracted a huge audience.
Over the year, many young artists of VNOB have been sent to study in Australia, France, Sweden, USA… and acquired the new trends and styles of contemporary art. The project “art in school” has been attracting ten thousands of student to participate and is highly effective in orienting aesthetics with the young audiences as well attracting them to high – level art program.
THE PROGRESS OF ESTALISHMENT OF VNOB
TYPICAL ARTISTS IN GENERATIONS
- Vietnam National Opera and Ballet (VNOB) was established in August 6, 1959 at the Cau Giay Art Sector, Hanoi.
- On August 6, 1959, The National Symphony Orchestra was established with 114 musicians.
- In 1961, VNOB’s Choir was established with 120 singers and named as Vietnam National Opera Symphony Orchestra.
- In 1964, Ballet Theatre was established. Then the name of the theatre changed to Vietnam National Opera Ballet Symphony.
- In 1985, The Symphony Orchestra was split to a new unit. Up to now, its was renamed the Vietnam National Opera Ballet.
After over 50 years of establishing and developing, VNOB performed many Symphonies, Opera and Ballet of the world and Vietnam with high quality, reaching and International Academy Standard.
- Composers: Conductor – People’s Artist Quang Hai, Conductor – People’s Artist Trong Bang, Conductor – People’s Artist Tran Quy – Meritorious Artist Vu Luong – Meritorious Artist – Meritorious Artist Phu Quang, composer Nguyen Van Hiep, Musician – Nguyen Huu Hieu and some others.
- The famous art directors: Meritorious Artist Van Ha, Meritorious Artist Vo Bai.
- Choreographer: People’s Artist Group Long – Ly Thai People’s Artist Xuan Dinh People’s Artist – The People’s Artist Cong Nhac – People’s Artist Pham Anh Phuong…
- The well-known artists: People’s Artist Bui Huy Hieu, Meritorious Artists Tran Mau. Particularly the class first pioneering artists such as People’s Artist Bui Gia Tuong, People’s Artist Trung Kien – Guiyang People’s Artist, Meritorious Artists Quang Hung, Meritorious Artists Bich Lien, Meritorious Artists Hoang My, Meritorious Artists Phan Phuc, Dau Ngoc Meritorious Artists, Artists Ton Triem, Meritorious Artists Manh Chung, Meritorious Artists Manh Tuan.
- The Soloist: Meritorious Artists Khac Hue, Meritorious Artists Hoang My – Y Lang, composer Phu Quang, Ngo Lam, Thang Long, Vanh Khuyen, Xuan Cuong.
- Artist of Ballet: Meritorious Artists Hong Linh, People’s Artist Kim Quy, People’s Artist Ha The Dung, Meritorious Artists Quynh Lien, Meritorious Artists Thuy Hanh, Meritorious Artists Le An, People’s Artist Kieu Ngan, Meritorious Artists Chuc Quynh, Meritorious Artists Luu Lan, Meritorious Artists Tuyet Dung, Meritorious Artists Han Giang, Meritorious Artists Phan Luong, Meritorious Artists Nguyen Thi Can, Meritorious Artists Quynh Nga.
- People’s Artist: 11
- Meritorious Artists: 40
- Masters degree: 2
- Bachelor: 87
List of Emeritus Artists working in VNOB
- Trần Ly Ly
- Hà Mạnh Chung
- Lê Thị Vành Khuyên
- Hoàng Xuân Cường
- Nguyễn Thị Chúc Quỳnh
- Trần Thị Bích Hường
- Nguyễn Thị Quỳnh Nga
- Nguyễn Thị Cần
- Phan Văn Lương
- Đàm Hàn Giang
- Trần Thị Tuyết Dung
- Labor Medal Rank III in 1989
- Labor Medal Rank II in 1999
- Labor Medal Rank I in 2009
- Independence Medal Rank III in 2014
- 2nd Labor Medal Rank in 2019
Dozens of staff and artists have been awarded Certificates of Merit, Commendation of Merit by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism as well as other relevant branches and provinces.
On August 6, 1959, the Ministry of Culture decided to establish the National Orchestra to mark the birth of the Vietnam National Opera and Ballet in the future.
On June 5, 1961, the National Orchestra was established, affirming the special attention and correct orientation of the Party and the State in acquiring the world cultural quintessence together with promoting the values of traditional culture.
On May 7, 1964, the Ministry of Culture decided to establish the Vietnam National Symphony, Choir and Ballet. Thus, in addition to the symphony concerts and the independent choir, there were also the coordination between singers and dancers to perform musicals and ballets.
Under the steering of the Department of Culture, the Department of Music as well as the assistance of Korean experts, the National Orchestra and Choir have performed outstanding artistic valued concerts with aesthetic orientation to large number of people. These concerts contributed to the enthusiasm of working for the construction of the Socialist Republic in the North, fighting to liberate the South and reuniting the country. The concerts included such works as “Ru con”, “Singing in the center of Pac Bo forest”, “Guerrilla of Thao river”, etc 7. The musical. “Co Sao” by musician Do Nhuan was the first Vietnamese musical choreographed by Vietnam, attracting mass audiences. Then later, the musicals “Mountains and forest speak up”, “Evghenhin”, “On the banks of Krong pa”, “Sculptor” and the Ballet “Sister Su”, “Prison Break” were implemented and got good reputation and reception both inside Vietnam and abroad.
One of the deepest memories of the artists is the night of September 10, 1960 when the orchestra performed to congratulate the sucess of the Party Congress at the Botanical Park. The beloved Uncle Ho came and stood on the podium, with the conductor’s wand to conduct the song “Solidarity is strength”, praising the will of millions as a determination to win in the end. The image of Uncle Ho holding the wand conducting the Orchestra and Choir remains in the memories of the artists, VNOB staff and the audience. At the same time, it also brings historical and spiritual values, encouraging the course of cultural and artistic development of the country.
In the years 1966 and 1967, when the US invasion war spread to the North, the assault art troupes, the artists and staff managed hardship, and sacrifice to perform to the people and soldiers in the Northern provinces. With all the enthusiasm for the front, the assault art troupes went deep into the Vinh Linh fire line, going along Truong Son trail to serve the army units and compatriots. Many artists of VNOB have been awarded the Medal and the title of Hero by the Government. Many artists, such as Emeritus Artist Vu Luong, Nguyen Huu Hieu, Nguyen Van Hiep, Tran Quy, Do Dung, Trong Bang, Quang Hai ..; Director, People’s Artist Van Ha, Vo Bai, painter Bui Huy Hieu, Tran Mau, Choreographers Thai Ly, Xuan Dinh, Doan Long, Hong Linh …; Singers Quoc Huong, Tan Nhan, Quy Duong, Quang Hung, Trung Kien, Ngoc Dau, Anh Dao, Thuy Ha, Kim Dinh, Bich Lien, Tam Trung, Quoc Tru …, have grown up and are still loved by the audiences.
On April 30, 1975, the South was completely liberated, and Vietnam was united. Together with the happiness of the country, National Symphony, Choir and Ballet were appointed by the Ministry of Culture to perform in order to celebrate the country’s great success and events in Saigon. The performances of the Theater impressed deeply the Saigon audiences.
In 1978, the National Symphony, Choir and Ballet was renamed Vietnam National Orchestra, Choir and Ballet Theater. It can be said that this is a period of great development of the Theater. The joy of creating art and dedication to art is always the inspiration for artists to practice and create programs, opera and ballet for the audience. Musicals “Phidelio” by LV. Beethoven, “Green Singing” by Nguyen Dinh Tan, “Gadfly” by Shostakovich and “Truong Chi” by An Thuyen were choreographed and performed very successfully.
During the 1980s, in implementing the cultural cooperation between Vietnam and the Soviet Union with the effective support of the Ministry of Culture, many famous Ballets and classical operas in the world art treasures, choreographed by former Soviet Union experts, were successfully staged and performed in Hanoi, Da Nang, Hai Phong, and Ho Chi Minh City. Some of the Ballets and classical operas staged were the “Spatacus”, “Giselle”, “Swan Lake”, “The Lost Man and the Young Lady”, “Faxto” and the classic musical” Madame Butterfly “… Through which affirms the talents and names of many artists such as ballerinas Kim Quy, Kieu Ngan, The Dung, Le Van, Le An, Thuy Hanh, Van Hai, Anh Quan, Minh Thong, Emeritus Artist Hoang Hoa, Gia Hoi, Gia Khanh …
In 1985, for the first time “Vietnamese cultural days in the former Soviet Union”, the VNOB artists performed at the Moscow Opera House and the Republic of Moldavia, Uzbekistan, Armenia … attracted Russian audiences with the pinnacle of classical European academic art.
In 1985, in response to the development requirements of Ballet and Opera to meet a demand for international integration and development, the Vietnam National Symphony Orchestra Theater officially changed its name to the Vietnam National Opera and Ballet (VNOB) with the function of performing Opera and Ballet.
During this period, the country was in a period of renovation with many difficulties and challenges. Overcoming the common difficulties of the country and difficulties in the field of art such as degraded facilities, lack of both human resource, musical instruments, and fewer audiences … VNOB still tried to set up high-quality art shows such as musicals “The Singing of Truong Chi”, “A Phu couple” by People’s Artist Doan Long, “Mother’s Legend” by Nguyen Cong Nhac, “Legend of Truong Son” by Emeritus Artist Bang Thinh, repertoire to participate in professional national Contest, the show to celebrate the 65th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of Vietnam … In addition, there were many programs being performed in Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, Yen Bai, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Hue, Da Nang, Nha Trang, Binh Dinh … and all of them attracted audiences.
Following the direction of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, the Department of Performing Arts, Vietnam National Opera and Ballet (VNOB) have made steady steps on the path of developing the Ballet, Opera and Orchestra, meets the requirements of the country’s development in the period of industrialization, modernization and international integration.
VNOB always focuses on and enhances the cooperation with foreign experts to improve the art quality for each night of the show. From 1996 until 2015, many foreign choreographers, commanders and artists worked with the VNOB’s three professional groups. This cooperation has enriched the arts programs, improving the performance level, the technical level for artists. At the same time, through which VNOB learned a lot of experience in the development of academic arts in Vietnam, the promotion of brand, the skills of composing works … such as the cooperation with L ‘. Espace (France) in Hanoi; SIDA Fund (Sweden), Goethe-Institut (Germany), Australian Choreographer, Chery Stock and many choreographers from England, USA, France, Russia … Master pieces as “You – Vietnamese woman”, “Through strange land”, “Phoenix eye”, Musicals “Lucile”, “Paris life”, “Cosi fan Tutte”, “Labohem”, “Dreams and Realities”, “The Flying Dutchman”, Ballets “Romeo and Juliet”, “Monsoon Dance”, “Nutcracker”, “Magic Bullet”, “Orphée et Eurydice”, “Venus”, “Franceska Draimimi”, “Fire Bird”, “Silk Heart”, “Sacred Spring”, “La Sylphide”, “Who care”, “Western Story” and many symphony programs like Carmina Burana, Symphony No. 9 … are illustrated for such friendly cooperation.
Keeping up with the trend of the world dancing, Vietnam National Opera and Ballet is one of the cradles to receive and develop modern dance in Vietnam. Over the years, many young artists of VNOB have been sent to practise in France, Australia, Sweden, USA … They are the bridges to bring modern dance increasingly closer to the public. With knowledge, art and living experience, many artists of VNOB have succeeded in creating contemporary dance works bearing Vietnamese cultural identity such as “The Spirit of Truong Chi”, “The Light Source” , “Firefly season”… The Music Discovery program of VNOB, sponsored by Ford Foundation, was conducted with the purpose of promoting, introducing and educating youths in the provinces and cities about Symphony, Opera and Ballet. VCC Children’s Choir Club organized by VNOB has attracted 200 children from level I to level III to participate. For the first time, the choir of 36 children organized by VNOB, led by Deputy Directors Pham Hong Hai and Ngo Thi Kieu Ngan, performed in three states of the United States and achieved great success.
The success of the VNOB in this period marked the development of the art of academic as symphony, opera and ballet, with a certain contribution to the process of setting up advanced Vietnamese culture, imbued with national identity. The school art project “Discovering music and dancing” of VNOB attracts tens of thousands of students who are evaluated as a highly effective project in guiding the aesthetic of the art form to the audience.
While in the previous period, the Theater received support from the State and foreign experts, from 2015 up to now, that support has gradually been lost.
Meanwhile, with the development of the entertainment industry, artists have a larger working enviroment and better income. Therefore, to maintain and develop academic arts as well as retain talents to maintain working with VNOB is not easy. In the 3 years from 2015 to 2017, although VNOB had some famous shows such as Immortal Moment, Sacred Spring, The Forgotten, The Love in Ancient Wall, Les Sylphides, … but they were really old. Newly created repertoires were Yes Yes No No, Red Leaf, Carmen Hanoi, Carmina Burana.
From 2018 up to now, with new breaths coming from the young, enthusiastic and knowledgeable management board, updating the entertainment trend, the Theater has had a convincing rise. The Theater has received the attention of the public through the expansion of communication networks and laying the first foundations for marketing activities, and public relations, in parallel with modern programs, which are accepted by young people such as: Under the Eye, Bolero & Suite en Blanc, Around the world, Rock Symphony, Ballet Peter and Wolf, … The theater, based on the old plasform, has updated, forcusing into the present life, but still honors the values and temperament of the golden work. Therefore, the hit products continue to be showed to the public as Symphonies Moment of Seasons, Summer Symphony, the Autumm Melody, Musical Maria de Buenos Aires, Ballet Nutcraker, Musicals Red Leaves, Sculptor, especially full Ballet Swan Lake with 4 stages, was choreographed after 35 years on the occation of the 60th anniversary of VNOB.
Total number of staff and actors:
- Full time employee: 125 persons
- Contractual employee: 45 persons
- Number of staff, actors, employees who were retired: 146 persons
- Freelance: 25
- Board of Directors: 3 persons
- Art Department: 6
- General Administration: 13
- Performance Organizing Department: 9
- Ballet Group: 23
- Opera: 16
- Orchestra: 37
Ballet – Opera – Symphony & chamber music. There are also the opera excerpts, dance drama and other general programs
VNOB Management Board through stages
|From 1959-1965||Director Trương Quang Thiện||Vice Director: Văn Đông|
|From 1965-1970||Director Phạm Ngọc Lê||Vice Director Mai Văn Chung
Vice Director Lương Văn Trọng
|From 1971-1975||Director Quang Hải||Vice Director Nguyễn Trọng Bằng
Vice Director Phạm Phúc Minh
Vice Director Phan Tất Thông
|From 1976-1978||Director Phạm Phúc Minh||Vice Director Nguyễn Trọng Bằng|
|From 1978-1980||Director Phạm Ngọc Lê||Vice Director Nguyễn Quang Giáp
Vice Director Phan Tất Thông
Vice Director Cao Bá Cương
Vice Director Đỗ Dũng
|From 1980-1989||Director Đoàn Long||Vice Director Lê Văn Hà
Vice Director Nguyễn Quang Giáp
|From 1990-1991||Director Nguyễn Trung Kiên||Vice Director Hoàng Trung Nam|
|From 1992-1994||Director Bùi Gia Tường||Vice Director Hoàng Xuân Nam
Vice Director Nguyễn Công Nhạc
|From 1994-1997||Director Phạm Quý Dương||Vice Director Hoàng Xuân Nam
Vice Director Nguyễn Công Nhạc
|From 1998-2007||Director Nguyễn Công Nhạc||Vice Director Hoàng Đình Bắc
Vice Director Nguyễn Anh Phương
|From 2018 -now||Director Trần Ly Ly||Vice Director: Đỗ Phương|
Communist Party Secrectariat
|Dương Quang Thiện||Secrectary|
|Trần Gia Quế||Secrectary|
|Mai Văn Chung||Secrectary|
|Lương Văn Trọng||Secrectary|
|Phạm Ngọc Lê||Secrectary|
|Cao Bá Cương||Secrectary|
|Nguyễn Quang Giáp||Secrectary|
|Hoàng Đình Bắc||Secrectary|
|Nguyễn Công Nhạc||Secrectary|
|Hà Mạnh Chung||Gen. Secrectary|
|Phạm Anh Phương||Gen. Secrectary|